Description: Visible vapor and gases given off by burning a substance
Dye Use: Modifier and color fixative. Method used in ancient times: burned old fleece or corn cobs, saturated with sheep dung and urine.
Best On: Best on cotton, linen, hemp, ramie, wool, baskets.
Dye Recipe: Smoking can be done over open fire, but is most effective in a ventilated container, such as a smoker or metal garbage can. Place wet, dyed fiber on racks in dense smoke, turn fiber every few minutes, remove when dry; odor washes out eventually.
Safety: Do not breathe smoke of any kind
Disposal: Naturally dissipates
Source: Wood fire
CODES: c = cup; gal = gallon; lb = pound (weight); tbsp = Tablespoon; tsp = teaspoon / [AF] Anglo-French; [Ar] Arabic; [AS] Anglo-Saxon; [Dan] Danish; [Du] Dutch; [Fr] French; [Ger] German; [Gk] Greek; [It] Italian; [L] Classical Latin; [LL] Late Latin; [ME] Middle English; [ML] Modern Latin; [OE] Old English; [OF] Old French; [ON] Old Norse; [OS] Old Saxon; [Port] Portuguese; [Sp] Spanish; [Sw] Swedish / CE = Common Era; BCE = Before Common Era